Edible Wild Plants: Muscadine (Vitis Rotundifolia)

Muscadine (Vitis Rotundifolia) Grapes

Muscadine (Vitis rotundifolia) is a member of the grape family. It is native to much of North America and grows wild in roadsides and forests.

It has been extensively cultivated since the 16th century. Its natural range is recognized in the following states of the US: Alabama, Arkansas, the Carolinas, Delaware, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Missouri, Mississippi, Oklahoma, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and West Virginia. They are well adapted to their native warm and humid climate; they need fewer chilling hours than better known varieties and they thrive on summer heat.

Large Muscadine Grapes in HandsMuscadine berries range from bronze to dark purple to black in color when ripe. However, many wild varieties stay green through maturity. They have skin sufficiently tough that eating the raw fruit often involves biting a small hole in the skin to suck out the pulp inside. Muscadines are not only eaten fresh, but also are used in making wine, juice, and jelly.

Muscadine vineyards can have a harvest of up to 15 tons per acre planted. For best growth, the vines should be on a trellis so that the weight of the length of the vine can be supported.

In a natural setting, muscadines are important plants for improving wildlife habitat by providing cover, browse, and fruit for a wide variety of animals.

The muscadine is very sought after for its big, aromatic, sweet fruit which, as soon as fully ripe, drops to the ground and becomes hidden among fallen leaves.

Not only is the muscadine everywhere sought for its fresh fruit and for preserves and jellies, but Dr. Carver enthusiastically recommended the preparation of Muscadine “leather” as described here:

Gather when ripe, was, put in a porcelain or granite preserving kettle, cover with boiling water, let simmer until the berries are hot through and the hulls have turned a reddish color, now stir in a scant tablespoon of baking soda to the gallon of fruit, stir well for three minutes, but do not mash the fruit; drain off this water, wash in three more waters, being careful each time not to mash the berries.

They may now be dried whole or made into a leather the same as recommended for strawberries. I much prefer the leather, the hulls will be very tender and the fruit of a fine flavor.

The seeds may be removed by passing through a colander. I wish every housewife would try this.

Edible Parts

  • Fruit

Uses

Muscadines are not only eaten fresh, but also are used in making wine, juice, and jelly.

Fruits can be eaten as jams or jellies, and some prefer them fresh from the vine. Muscadines can make for a juice drink as well.

Green Muscadine Grapes & Purple Muscadine Grapes in Baskets

Muscadine grapes are rich sources of polyphenols and other nutrients studied for their potential health benefits. Gallic acid, catechin and epicatechin are the major phenolics in seeds, while ellagic acid, myricetin, quercetin, kaempferol, and trans-resveratrol are the major phenolics in the skins

Muscadine Jam Recipe
Muscadine Jam Recipe

For this jam recipe, you’ll need 2 gallons of muscadines, a teaspoon of butter, 8 cups of sugar, and 2 Sure Jell pectin packages.

Cut the muscadines in half while taking out the seed. Put all the halved muscadines in a pan of water and simmer for 20 minutes. There should be no more water in the pan than is needed to simmer the fruits.

As they cook, mash them up a bit. After 20 minutes of cook time, add in the butter and the sugar until they are both dissolved well.

If there is any foam, skim it off.

Add the pectin and boil 60 seconds while you are stirring.

Remove from the heat and skim again if it is needed. If not, pour into jars and allow an entire day’s cooling.

Muscadine Sauce Recipe
Muscadine Sauce

Ingredients

  • 5 pounds muscadine grapes, halved*
  • 9 cups sugar
  • 2 cups cider vinegar
  • 1 tablespoon ground cinnamon
  • 1 tablespoon ground allspice
  • 1 teaspoon ground cloves

Preparation

  1. Squeeze pulp from grape halves into a bowl, reserving skins.
  2. Bring skins to a boil in a large sauce-pan over medium-high heat. Cover, reduce heat to medium, and cook, stirring occasionally, 15 minutes or until tender.
  3. Bring pulp to a boil in a saucepan; reduce heat to medium, and cook 20 minutes or until seeds separate from pulp. Pour mixture through a wire-mesh strainer into saucepan containing skins, discarding solids. Add sugar, and cook, stirring occasionally, over medium heat, 2 hours or until thickened. Stir in vinegar and next 3 ingredients. Cook 10 to 15 minutes or until a candy thermometer registers 225° to 230°.
  4. Ladle hot mixture into hot, sterilized pint-size jars, filling to 1/2 inch from top. Remove air bubbles; wipe jar rims. Cover at once with metal lids, and screw on bands.
  5. Process in boiling-water bath 20 minutes. Serve with turkey, biscuits, or toast.
  6. *5 pounds of seedless red grapes may be substituted. Crush whole grapes slightly. Bring to a boil; reduce heat, and simmer 20 minutes. Strain mixture into a saucepan, discarding solids. Stir in sugar, and proceed as directed.

Where Does Muscadine (Vitis Rotundifolia) Grow?

Muscadine (Vitis Rotundifolia) Growing Area

How To Identify Muscadine (Vitis Rotundifolia)

Muscadine (Vitis Rotundifolia) Leaf
Leaf

Alternate, simple, cordate to orbicular, coarsely serrated, may be 3 lobed, 4 to 6 inches long, green above, hairless greenish yellow below.

Muscadine (Vitis Rotundifolia) Flower
Flower

Small, greenish-white appearing in axillary panicles in late spring.

Muscadine (Vitis Rotundifolia) Fruit
Fruit

Large, 1/2 to 1 inch in diameter, thick skinned berry, dark purple or bronze when ripe in late summer, occur in small loose, clusters.

Muscadine (Vitis Rotundifolia) Twig
Twig

Moderately stout, slightly angles, numerous lenticels, unbranched tendrils appear opposite the leaves, pith continuous through the nodes.

Muscadine (Vitis Rotundifolia) Bark
Bark

Smooth, dark greenish brown, later developing vertical grooves.

 

9 Comments

9 Responses to “Edible Wild Plants: Muscadine (Vitis Rotundifolia)”

  1. Jessica says:

    Thanks for this article! I came across a link to it on Homestead Survival’s facebook page. Muscadine wine is my husband’s and my favorite! It makes a very sweet wine without the bitter taste of some other red’s. Great information on it, and I was surprised to find that it grows wild. Only wish it grew wild in Ohio!

  2. Great Bodybuilder says:

    My brother suggested I might like this website.
    He was totally right. This post actually made my
    day. You cann’t imagine simply how much time I had spent for this information! Thanks!

  3. We are publishing an article about muscadines in North Carolina. Is this photo available for republication in a hi-resolution form? If so, what is the fee? Thanks very much

    Image: Green Muscadine Grapes & Purple Muscadine Grapes in Baskets

  4. Michelle says:

    Where can I find these berries in the wild? I live in Virginia near MD and WV. Would love to find them and sample!

  5. Diane says:

    Can the leaves be used to eat, as using the leaves to make stuffed grape leaves?

  6. Always looking for great information about the muscadine to add to my knowledge. I am so excited that our company has 100+ yr. rights to 69% of the muscadine industry in the South where we have premium muscadine products. Thought I’d share: http://www.LivetheGrapeLife.com To wellness!

  7. […] Homestead Survival http://thehomesteadsurvival.com/musc…/#.U6TT9CioM4w Muscadine ( Wild Grape But Better) Wild Food Foraging It goes into identification of the berries, leaves and bark, what part of the United States in grows in and recipes how to use it. http://blog.emergencyoutdoors.com/ed…-rotundifolia/ […]

Leave a Reply